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A brief history of Gothic Architecture ICON Magazine

A brief history of Gothic Architecture ICON Magazine

In the 11th and 12th centuries, the Romanesque style dominated Europe. Because of regional differences, Romanesque lingered in some countries, such as Italy, after the emergence of Gothic in the middle of the 12th century. Gothic was the dominant style north of the Alps for churches for several hundred years beginning in the 12th century. To understand the ribbed groin vault, we have to see where it derived from. We can understand it better by looking at the barrel vault and groin vault. Munich Frauenkirche, Bavaria Hall churches are a distinctively German interpretation of the Gothic style. Yet, new research performed by a team of scientists and architects from Université Paris 8 now shows that medieval builders had significant help—in the form of iron.

  • The first Renaissance church in Germany, St. Anne’s Church in Augsburg, also known as the Fugger Chapel (1509–1581), announced the transition with its classical decoration.
  • The Gothic structure called La Merveille , the monks’ living area, dates to 1203–1228.
  • Sens Cathedral features a Gothic choir, and six-part rib vaults over the nave and collateral aisles, alternating pillars and doubled columns to support the vaults, and buttresses to offset the outward thrust from the vaults.
  • With this type of arch, it was easier to extinguish the force of the side pressure, which presses on the walls.

The tower of the Château de Vincennes became a part-time royal residence until the Palace of Versailles was completed. Towers, usually round, were placed at the corners and along the walls in the Phillipienne castle, close enough together to support each other. The walls had two levels of walkways on the inside, a crennellated parapet with merlons, and projecting machicolations from which missiles could be dropped on besiegers. The upper walls also had protected protruding balconies, échauguettes and bretèches, from which soldiers could see what was happening at the corners or on the ground below.

Elevations and the search for height

An unfortunate fire in 2019 destroyed the spire and much of the roof. Officials have promised that the building will be fully restored in time for the 2024 Paris Olympics. There remained the Christian religion, which united the people of all Europe.

Influences on Gothic Architecture

He was sent by the King on missions to France, and was prisoner there for a time, and was familiar with the new French style. The king provided timber for the cathedral from Ireland and from his estates. The west front, cloisters and chapter house were complete by about 1275.

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