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how to read currency pairs

For example, while historically Japanese yen would rank above Mexican peso, the quoting convention for these is now MXNJPY, i.e. Traders looking to express an opinion in the FX futures market need to be aware of the quoting convention and the trading code symbols for each currency pair offered by the exchange. The difference between the bid and the ask is called the spread. If you find these terms initially confusing, it helps to remember that the terms bid and ask are from the broker’s perspective, not yours. When you’re buying, you’ll pay what the broker’s asking for the currency; when you’re selling, you’ll need to accept what the broker’s bidding. If the euro appreciates against the dollar, then a single euro will be worth more dollars and the pair’s price will rise.

It all starts with a currency pair, which tells you the currencies involved in the trade. When you trade in the forex market, you buy or sell in currency pairs. There are as many currency pairs as there are currencies in the world. The total number of currency pairs that exist changes as currencies come and go. All currency pairs are categorized according to the volume that is traded on a daily basis for a pair. Compared to the exchange rate, PPP is very effective in assessing the economic state of any country.

Forex market trends and trending currency pairs

Direct and indirect forex quotes are simply a way to refer to forex quotes based on where the buyer or seller lives. If you plan to go on an African safari, you’ll probably be dealing with exotic pairs—and that can yield greater profits than trading Majors. For example, in the EUR/USD pair, the Euro is the base currency and the US dollar is the quoted currency.

Exchange rates fluctuate, allowing traders to profit by buying or selling. The price of a currency, as well as the actual profitability of trading at one time or another, depends on the state of the economy of the currency country. It is of great importance what the economy of a particular country is based on. If the economy is mainly based on oil, then analyzing the oil market, you can see how the currency of this country behaves.

How much does trading cost?

Learning and mastering any new skill takes significant time, hard work, and patience. Every trader’s strategy is different, and navigating the forex market successfully takes persistence and the ability to learn from one’s mistakes. Setting aside a few hours a day to learn more about currency pairs and forex trading can significantly boost your potential to earn.

how to read currency pairs

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How to Calculate Cross-Currency Rates ➗

Note that we actually have two currency pairs involved in this calculation—EUR/USD and USD/CAD. In the first pair, USD is the quote currency; it’s the base currency in the second pair. Then, you might then see an ask price of 1.2017, which is the higher price.

  • The two currency trading pair consists of the base currency and the quote currency.
  • These pairs typically have liquid markets that are accessible to traders 24 hours a day during the business week.
  • These tend to shy away from the limelight and don’t necessarily involve the US dollar.
  • Therefore, the EUR/JPY pair must be somehow correlated to one or both of these other currency pairs.

However, the effectiveness of the currency strength is based on the economic policy adopted by the country. As the local production activities add further value to the country’s economy, higher purchasing power encourages spending. The surge in the supply and demand stimulates import and export, flourishing the international trade volumes. And this is everything you need to know about how to read Forex currency pairs. There are other important things you need to learn before you start trading Forex, though. There are three categories that forex currency pairs usually fall into.

How do I trade the major forex pairs?

The BlackBull Markets site is intuitive and easy to use, making it an ideal choice for beginners. Get tight spreads, no hidden fees, access to 12,000 instruments and more. Get tight spreads, no hidden fees and access to 10,000+ instruments. Read on to know the most important terms that will help you decode charts when you check forex live rates at your most trusted forex website.

When buying a currency pair, investors purchase the base currency and sell the quoted currency. The bid price represents the amount of quote currency needed to receive one unit of the base currency. Currency pairs are quoted based on their bid (buy) and ask prices (sell). The bid price is the price that the forex broker will buy the base currency from you in exchange for the quote or counter currency.

USD/ZAR: U.S. dollar/South African rand

Lay offs will start and lead to higher unemployment rates, causing stagflation in the economy with high inflation and unemployment. The central bank will prevent this by slowing down the economy with an interest rate hike that would increase the currency strength. Currency strength in the domestic economy refers to its purchasing power over locally produced goods and services.

Buy a pair if bullish on the first position as compared to the second of the pair; conversely, sell if bearish on the first as compared to the second. The “Exotic” currency pairs are less traded and so much more costly to buy or sell. Don’t let the cost put you off, because many of the greatest traders of all time made their fortunes with exotics. For example, one of the 5 greatest forex traders, George Soros gained $800 million profit from selling Thai Baht (THB) in 1997 Asian crisis. In situations like these never shy away from great chances of success, just because fewer speculators are aiming at them.

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